Vision is the ability of the brain to extract, process and act on information presented to the eye. This complex process is represented by three major but related areas: visual acuity, which is largely dependent upon refractive status and eye health; visual efficiency skills, representing eye focusing, binocular function, and tracking skills; and visual information processing, representing the ability to recognize and discriminate visual stimuli and to interpret them correctly based upon previous experience. We consider all these concepts in every examination we provide for children, regardless of the child’s age.
Our comprehensive eye examination will assess visual acuity, refractive status, ocular health including active pathology or congenital anomalies, eye tracking, eye focusing, and binocular function.
Visual acuity measures how clearly a child sees objects. Refractive status measures for nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. Eye tracking is the ability of the eyes to fixate, smoothly follow and look between objects or printed words. Eye focusing is the ability to efficiently change and sustain focus while reading. Binocular function assesses the ability to coordinate both eyes accurately and without fatigue or excessive effort. Proper binocular function is also important for accurate two-eyed depth perception or stereopsis.
Our infant vision examinations start as early as 6 months up to the time the child enters school. Although young children may not be able to read an eye chart, we employ special procedures that allow us to measure the clarity of sight, refraction, eye health and binocular function of children at almost any age.
Reports have estimated that up to 25% of students in grades K – 6 have vision-related problems, which may contribute to poor school performance, therefore, regular eye examinations are essential in this age group. Many vision problems can be corrected more easily with early diagnosis and treatment.
Hand - Eye Coordination
As part of the visual examination we also assess vision development. Young children use vision to explore the world by identifying and directing movement. If a problem in vision is preventing adequate development of perception and eye-hand coordination, then early intervention is vital.
Eyes on the Harbour Optometrists 1805 Comox Ave. Comox, British Columbia V9M 3L9